Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung Hanoi office regularly publishes a wide range of resources on issues relevant to the Mekong region and beyond. All our articles, books and research papers are free to access. Together with our partners, we strive to enrich political debates, shed light on key issues, and offer up different perspectives on regional and global challenges. We have categorized our publications according to topics and countries. Please use the links below.

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Labour amidst Globalization A Textual Comparison of Vietnamese and German Trade Union Laws

On the 1st of August 2020, the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) entered into force since its ratification by the European Commission. The act signifies another step of Vietnam not only into the global market economy, but also into the international labour regime and standards since its historic 1986 ‘Renovation’ reforms that opened the country. With upcoming initiatives for economic rebound in a post-pandemic Europe and Vietnam, an examination of existing trade union landscape in Vietnam and effects of the new Labour Code, entered into force since 1st of January 2021, is in order.


From East Germany to West Germany and Vietnam to world trade—both represent assimilations of socialist states to global capitalism with widespread consequences at around the same time. The relevance goes deeper than a surface parallel with Vietnam’s unification in 1975: Germany and Vietnam hold more intimate ties in contemporary history, with both cooperating on many different fronts, from economy, international relations, to policy and legal training. Within such historical and political contexts, a comparison of Vietnamese and German trade union laws is well-merited to chart a tentative path forward for Vietnamese labour relations, given the continued cooperation between the two countries.

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